During Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, Jacksonville and nearby St.Augustine became popular winter resorts for the rich and famous.At the time of contact with Europeans, all Mocama villages in present-day Jacksonville were part of the powerful chiefdom known as the Saturiwa, centered around the mouth of the St. French Huguenot explorer Jean Ribault charted the St.
President Grover Cleveland attended the Sub-Tropical Exposition in the city on February 22, 1888 during his trip to Florida.
On September 20, 1565, a Spanish force from the nearby Spanish settlement of St.
Augustine attacked Fort Caroline, and killed nearly all the French soldiers defending it.
On Black Hammock Island in the national Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve, a University of North Florida team discovered some of the oldest remnants of pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BC.
In the 16th century, the beginning of the historical era, the region was inhabited by the Mocama, a coastal subgroup of the Timucua people.
This highlighted the visibility of the state as a worthy place for tourism.