is attested early on in Homeric Hymns, Heraclitus, the Athenian ephebes' oath, and in Boiotic inscriptions (in a legal sense, either "judge" or "witness", or similar).
1265), narrative of real or imaginary events, story (c. It was from Anglo-Norman that history was borrowed into Middle English, and this time the loan stuck.The restriction to the meaning "the branch of knowledge that deals with past events; the formal record or study of past events, esp. With the Renaissance, older senses of the word were revived, and it was in the Greek sense that Francis Bacon used the term in the late sixteenth century, when he wrote about "Natural History".For him, historia was "the knowledge of objects determined by space and time", that sort of knowledge provided by memory (while science was provided by reason, and poetry was provided by fantasy). analytic/isolating dichotomy, English like Chinese (史 vs.In all European languages, the substantive "history" is still used to mean both "what happened with men", and "the scholarly study of the happened", the latter sense sometimes distinguished with a capital letter, "History", or the word historiography.
Historians write in the context of their own time, and with due regard to the current dominant ideas of how to interpret the past, and sometimes write to provide lessons for their own society.
The task of historical discourse is to identify the sources which can most usefully contribute to the production of accurate accounts of past.