Papal infallibility was introduced primarily (and surprisingly) by theologians like Theodore Abu-Qurrah, Thomas Aquinas, and John Peter Olivi, and not by the Popes themselves, as many assert today.During the Vatican I council in 1870, the dogma of the infallibility of the pope was officially codified and is still preached and practiced today. Peter Waldo sought to put the Scriptures into the common language of the people, preach to people in a language they understand, and reform the obscenely wealthy monasteries who drew money from poor and stockpiled it (quite the opposite of the vision of Anthony - the first monk).Innocent III forbade violence by the Crusaders against their Christian brothers 4.Desecrated Hagia Sophia – something even the Muslims would not do.The Church was unified and each congregation was generally denoted by its geographic location. Today, there are active ecumenical efforts to arrive at a peaceful, harmonious co-relationship within the Body of Christ.Writings of Ignatius and Iraneus (Against Heresies) would begin to extol the Apostle Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the preeminence of the Roman See over all other regions.The Orthodox Church became its own distinctentity as a result of the following events which occurred over the course of about 700 years: A. Christ unified in His nature and subsequent person. Pope Leo IX – Pope of Catholic Church – fought against Normans in 1052 taken captive 1. Sent legate Cardinal Humbert to give evidence from Constantine’s “donatio” that Rome held primal papacy. Cardinal Humbert laid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia B.Michael Cerularius – Archbishop of Constantinople 1. Refused Popes envoy demanding his recognition of the supremacy of Rome 3.
Unfortunately, this introduced abuse by the hierarchy of the governing church against those that would question the unbiblical doctrines introduced by various church leaders. immaculate conception and assumption of Mary, prayer to the saints as intermediaries, etc.Perhaps the most amazing, strong, and devout followers of Christ on the earth.